The climatology of coastal urban environments is uniquely defined by the interaction between sea breeze and various anthropogenic processes. Whilst the key drivers of coastal and urban climate systems are reasonably established, independently, the interaction between the systems and the inherent dynamic feedbacks that influence energy, mass and momentum transport, and their impact on synoptic systems like heatwaves are not thoroughly understood. Particularly the development and the characteristics of the boundary layer in the context of sea breeze and urban heat islands and, its impact on near surface conditions are poorly researched. This talk will use observations from the New York and Houston metropolitan areas to look at the unique characteristics of the coastal urban environments, particularly with focus on the urban boundary layer characteristics and implications for energy use and human health.
Prathap Ramamurthy joined CCNY in 2015, where he is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Earth System Science Environmental Engineering. His research examines the relationship between climate and human activity in urban areas. His work combines scalable field experiments with numerical models to characterize turbulent transport of mass, momentum and energy in the urban boundary layer. His current projects include understanding the mechanisms that exacerbate urban heat island intensity in large cities and their synergistic interaction with heat waves, and developing mitigation strategies to moderate the urban climate. He is also working with the NOAA CREST center to operationalize remote sensing tools to study urban climate. Another area of active research is to understand the dynamics of coastal urban boundary layer dynamics and their impact on convective clouds and thunderstorms.